“Tajikistan National Mine Action Center”
The Government Institution “Tajikistan National Mine Action Center” (hereinafter “Center”) under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan was established by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan #24 dated 3 January 2014.
The important tasks of the Center are as follows: to ensure the land release of the country’s territory, to provide the destruction of stockpiled anti-personnel mines, to raise awareness of the population on the mine risks, to assist mine victims and to ensure the advocacy against the use of anti-personnel mines. The main documents regulating the activities of the Center are the Law of the Republic of Tajikistan “On Humanitarian Mine Action”, “National Strategy of the Republic of Tajikistan for Humanitarian Mine Action for 2017-2020” and “National Standards for Humanitarian Mine Action”.
At the moment, for the humanitarian demining there operate four organizations (2 national organizations and 2 foreign ones): Swiss Foundation for Mine Action (FSD), Norwegian People’s Aid (NPA), Humanitarian demining company under the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Tajikistan, and NGO “Union of Sappers of Tajikistan”, whose operations are fully coordinated and controlled by the Center. The staff of the foreign and national mine action organizations directly involved in the humanitarian demining mainly consist of the military personnel of the Ministry of Defense, the Committee of Emergency Situations and the National Guard, who are deployed to the Center, and the civilians
This centre is a Governmental structure and is responsible for all mine action related issues in Tajikistan. TMAC is also the executive authority of the Commission on Implementation of International Humanitarian Law (CIIHL) in the country.
TNMAC is responsible for:
• Preparation of national plans for mine action including strategic five-year plans, annual work-plans describing all mine action activities, other strategies or similar documents related to the national management or activities of the mine action sector;
• Setting up an efficient co-ordination system for all mine action activities in Tajikistan; to chair co-ordination meetings and encourage active participation of all relevant parties;
• Setting up a planning system for mine action activities in Tajikistan;
• Management of IMSMA database that will record all available information on the threat of landmine/UXOs (suspected and confirmed contaminated areas; socio-economic consequences of landmines; mine incidents; mine accidents, demining incidents and demining accidents and all mine action activities in the country.
• Monitoring and inspection system for mine action activities in Tajikistan and ensure that national and international operators comply with the standards, regulations, policies, procedures and guidelines as well as with the strategy and plan of the Government. TMAC will convene Boards of Enquiry to investigate all Demining Accidents and promulgate the results to the Mine Action community in order that preventative action may be taken and lessons learned widely disseminated.
• Co-ordination of donor community assistance in mine action and mobilizing technical and financial resources for the mine action sector within Tajikistan.
• Review and adoption of mine action projects before implementation; monitoring of the use of resources provided to the operators by the Government and the donor Community.
• Collecting information about mine victims in Tajikistan and provision of assistance to mine victims.
• Monitoring of the use of cleared lands and submission of the report to the CIIHL about the issue.